The story of 'Zainab' who is killed by her father in Pakistan

A man in Pakistan who confessed to drowning his one-and-a-half year old daughter says he now regrets his actions. His family says it was because he wanted a son, but it highlights the grave issue, across South Asia, of female infanticide. The BBC's Aleem Maqbool met the family in Lahore.

We meet 28-year-old Umar Zaib as he waits, shackled, outside court.

"It was a mistake," he tells me. "I made a big mistake. I don't know what was going through my mind when I did it."

Umar Zaib is talking of the crime he committed against his daughter, Zainab, who was just one-and-a-half years old.

What is human rights?

Human rights are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in local, regional, national, and international law. The doctrine of human rights in international practice, within international law, global and regional institutions, in the policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations, has been a cornerstone of public policy around the world. The idea of human rights states, "if the public discourse of peacetime global society can be said to have a common moral language, it is that of human rights."

Applications of Multiple Systems Estimation in Human Rights Research

Human rights work generally conjures images of eld workers risking their lives to help people in exotic countries who are su ering horrendous abuse at the hands of sinister warlords. Less dramatic, but nonetheless increasingly vital in this e ort, is the role of the statistician. Recent trends have forced human rights workers to adopt stronger method-ology in counting the dead, the disappeared, and the damaged. One reason is that rigorous estimates signi cantly strengthen criminal prosecution, and can cast light on the role and responsibility of leaders who do not seem to be di-rectly accountable [Ball et al., 2002].

Death and the Mainframe: How data analysis can help document human rights atrocities

Between 1980 and 2000, a complicated war raged in Peru, pitting the country’s government against at least two political guerrilla organizations, and forcing average people to band together into armed self-defense committees. The aftermath was a mess of death and confusion, where nobody knew exactly how many people had been murdered, how many had simply vanished, or who was to blame.
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