microformats 2

July 17, 2013
Microformats are based on simple markup conventions that enable you to add meaningful structure to your web content.
One of the key principles of microformats, is to privilege human readable content. This means that you should think first and foremost of your content design being readable and accessible to web viewers. Using the most appropriate HTML elements and applying structured class names to your markup enables you to produce content that can be clearly understood by a human audience and also used in a structured way by automated programs and other online tools. But the point is that you shouldn't have to go out of your way to produce such machine friendly markup - microformats make it easy to integrate this greater degree of structure into your websites, without the overhead of having to learn complicated new languages or formats.
The best way to understand microformats is to start using them straight away. Since they're embedded in ordinary HTML, you can take existing pages and add these structured class names to the markup, but it's recommended that when doing this, you also take a close look at the overall tag structure that you're using - maybe there is a better way to say what you mean using basic HTML tags.
Many common kinds of content can be marked up in microformats. Microformats are designed to be similar to current markup styles. Chances are, you already have some of them on your site. Start with the obvious ones. For example a simple, and very popular place to start is with hCard - a microformat for displaying personal and organizational contact details. You can think of hCard as a way to embed mini business cards in web pages, but glancing over the examples shows a lot more possibilities than just that. Here are some specific places to start using microformats today:
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Code & Tools

Code Generators

There are a few tools available to help you generate microformatted code:
The XFN creator is a Web-based interface for quickly creating a link with the proper XFN values. It has been translated into the following languages:



Validation Testing Tools

Main article: validators
You can check how your markup will be parsed by using the php-mf2 tool. It will take markup and show you the JSON interpretation.
If you want to check markup as it is interpreted from your page you can check out the microformat-node tool. It will grab your page and show you all found microformats that are supported by the tool.



See Also

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Welcome to the microformats wiki!

microformats are extensions to HTML for marking up people, organizations, events, locations, blog posts, products, reviews, resumes, recipes etc. Sites use microformats to publish a standard API that is consumed and used by search engines, browsers, and other tools. See what-are-microformats for more.
  • new! microformats2 is the latest stable & interoperable microformats markup language extension. Use it on public web pages and for HTML APIs.

Contents

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Introduction

Main article: introduction
This wiki is the central resource of the microformats community and provides microformats authoring guides, references, specifications, drafts, publishing patterns, research, brainstorming, and issue tracking.

Get Started

Main article: get-started
Get started with microformats:

How to contribute

Want to join in and contribute?
This wiki has a number of enhancements to assist development and contributions to microformats. Before you start editing, see the wiki introduction page for instructions.

Specifications

Current, stable microformats open standard specifications.
  • new! microformats2 is stable, has a test suite, publishers, and interoperable implementations. Start using it on public web pages and developing more parsers and applications.
In addition use well established microformats:
  • hCalendar - events
  • hCard - people, organizations, contacts
  • rel-license - licensed content
  • rel-nofollow - links in untrusted 3rd party content
  • rel-tag - tag posts and pages by subject
  • XFN - social relationships and rel-me links among profiles for the same person
  • XMDP - define a microformat vocabulary / profile
  • XOXO - outlines

Drafts

Drafts are newer microformats, which are still making their way through the process to become specifications. Implementers should be prepared to keep abreast of future developments and changes. Please watch the wiki pages for updates.
  • adr - address location information
  • geo - latitude & longitude location (WGS84 geographic coordinates)
  • hAtom - blog posts and other date-stamped content
  • hListing - listings for products or services
  • hMedia - media info about images, video, audio
  • hNews - news articles, extension of hAtom
  • hProduct - products
  • hRecipe - cooking+baking recipes
  • hResume - individual resumes and CVs
  • hReview - individual reviews and ratings
  • hReview-aggregate - aggregate reviews and ratings
  • rel-author - link to the author's home page (from an article)
  • rel-home - link to the homepage of a site
  • rel-payment - link to a payment mechanism
If you're tempted to try your hand at writing a microformat please read the process page first!

Exploratory Discussions

See: exploratory-discussions for details of research and analysis of real-world examples, existing formats, and brainstorming of possible new microformats, per the microformats process.

Design Patterns

Design patterns are common uses of markup across microformats.

Archived

Past specifications, drafts, and exploratory discussions which have either lacked (or lost) wide publishing support, implementation, or have been superceded by newer specs (see also when does it make sense to demote a microformat spec). These may eventually be retired, deprecated, or reincorporated into other exploratory discussions.

Examples


Resources

See resources.

User centric development


Shared work areas


Tools, test cases, additional research

The first place to look for examples, code, and test cases is in the pages for each individual microformat. There are only a few cross-cutting tools and services that need to process more than one microformat. That section is intended for editors, parsers, validators, test cases, and other information relevant across multiple microformats.
 

Microformats wiki translations

You may read and edit microformats articles in many other languages:
See also other-languages, and how-to-start-a-new-translation.
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52 Weeks of New: Carrots with Ginger and Honey

July 13, 2013
According to our three girls (and probably our son as well), the words cooked and carrots
do not belong together, ever. Any suggestion or mention of a carrot
dish to go along with something else has always been met with howls of
derision or scorn, or if actually fixed, left on their plates (highly
unusual behavior in our house). They really do not like cooked carrots.


And then they had carrots cooked with ginger and honey this past
weekend. I did not tell them I was making this, just served them along
with our dinner. They ate every bite of the carrots (and everything
else). And asked for more.

I picked up this recipe last fall at our neighborhood New Seasons
Market when I dropped in for something else; they were fixing it that
day as one of their samples and I thought it was delicious and possibly
worth a try. I tucked the recipe away and forgot about it, but currently
have a huge, 5-pound bag of baby carrots that needs to get used and
this recipe came to mind. It used up two pounds of the carrots.



According to our three girls (and probably our son as well), the words cooked and carrots
do not belong together, ever. Any suggestion or mention of a carrot
dish to go along with something else has always been met with howls of
derision or scorn, or if actually fixed, left on their plates (highly
unusual behavior in our house). They really do not like cooked carrots.


And then they had carrots cooked with ginger and honey this past
weekend. I did not tell them I was making this, just served them along
with our dinner. They ate every bite of the carrots (and everything
else). And asked for more.

I picked up this recipe last fall at our neighborhood New Seasons
Market when I dropped in for something else; they were fixing it that
day as one of their samples and I thought it was delicious and possibly
worth a try. I tucked the recipe away and forgot about it, but currently
have a huge, 5-pound bag of baby carrots that needs to get used and
this recipe came to mind. It used up two pounds of the carrots.



According to our three girls (and probably our son as well), the words cooked and carrots
do not belong together, ever. Any suggestion or mention of a carrot
dish to go along with something else has always been met with howls of
derision or scorn, or if actually fixed, left on their plates (highly
unusual behavior in our house). They really do not like cooked carrots.


And then they had carrots cooked with ginger and honey this past
weekend. I did not tell them I was making this, just served them along
with our dinner. They ate every bite of the carrots (and everything
else). And asked for more.

I picked up this recipe last fall at our neighborhood New Seasons
Market when I dropped in for something else; they were fixing it that
day as one of their samples and I thought it was delicious and possibly
worth a try. I tucked the recipe away and forgot about it, but currently
have a huge, 5-pound bag of baby carrots that needs to get used and
this recipe came to mind. It used up two pounds of the carrots.



According to our three girls (and probably our son as well), the words cooked and carrots
do not belong together, ever. Any suggestion or mention of a carrot
dish to go along with something else has always been met with howls of
derision or scorn, or if actually fixed, left on their plates (highly
unusual behavior in our house). They really do not like cooked carrots.


And then they had carrots cooked with ginger and honey this past
weekend. I did not tell them I was making this, just served them along
with our dinner. They ate every bite of the carrots (and everything
else). And asked for more.

I picked up this recipe last fall at our neighborhood New Seasons
Market when I dropped in for something else; they were fixing it that
day as one of their samples and I thought it was delicious and possibly
worth a try. I tucked the recipe away and forgot about it, but currently
have a huge, 5-pound bag of baby carrots that needs to get used and
this recipe came to mind. It used up two pounds of the carrots.



According to our three girls (and probably our son as well), the words cooked and carrots
do not belong together, ever. Any suggestion or mention of a carrot
dish to go along with something else has always been met with howls of
derision or scorn, or if actually fixed, left on their plates (highly
unusual behavior in our house). They really do not like cooked carrots.


And then they had carrots cooked with ginger and honey this past
weekend. I did not tell them I was making this, just served them along
with our dinner. They ate every bite of the carrots (and everything
else). And asked for more.

I picked up this recipe last fall at our neighborhood New Seasons
Market when I dropped in for something else; they were fixing it that
day as one of their samples and I thought it was delicious and possibly
worth a try. I tucked the recipe away and forgot about it, but currently
have a huge, 5-pound bag of baby carrots that needs to get used and
this recipe came to mind. It used up two pounds of the carrots.






Read More »

What is human rights?

June 28, 2013
Human rights are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in local, regional, national, and international law. The doctrine of human rights in international practice, within international law, global and regional institutions, in the policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations, has been a cornerstone of public policy around the world. The idea of human rights states, "if the public discourse of peacetime global society can be said to have a common moral language, it is that of human rights."
Despite this, the strong claims made by the doctrine of human rights continue to provoke considerable skepticism and debates about the content, nature and justifications of human rights to this day. Indeed, the question of what is meant by a "right" is itself controversial and the subject of continued philosophical debate.

Many of the basic ideas that animated the human rights movement developed in the aftermath of the Second World War and the atrocities of The Holocaust, culminating in the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The ancient world did not possess the concept of universal human rights. The true forerunner of human rights discourse was the concept of natural rights which appeared as part of the medieval Natural law tradition that became prominent during the Enlightenment with such philosophers as John Locke, Francis Hutcheson, and Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, and featured prominently in the political discourse of the American Revolution and the French Revolution.

From this foundation, the modern human rights arguments emerged over the latter half of the twentieth century.

    Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world...
    —1st sentence of the Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
    —Article 1 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
—United States Declaration of Independence, 1776
 [to be continue..]

Source List:
wikipedia.org
United Nation Human Rights
Liberty Human Rights, UK
UK National Commission for UNESCO
Human Rights Watch
Cornell University Law School
Findlaw.com
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What is NGO?

June 3, 2013
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are legally constituted corporations created by natural or legal people that operate independently from any form of government. The term originated from the United Nations, and normally refers to organizations that are not a part of a government and are not conventional for-profit businesses. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in the organization. In the United States, NGOs are typically non-profit organizations. The term is usually applied only to organizations that pursue wider social aims that have political aspects, but are not openly political organizations such as political parties.

The number of NGOs operating in the United States is estimated at 1.5 million. Russia has 277,000 NGOs. India is estimated to have had around 3.3 million NGOs in 2009, just over one NGO per 400 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India.

NGOs are difficult to define and classify, and the term 'NGO' is not used consistently. As a result, there are many different classifications in use. The most common NGOs use a framework that includes orientation and level of operation. An NGO's orientation refers to the type of activities it takes on. These activities might include human rights, environmental, or development work. An NGO's level of operation indicates the scale at which an organization works, such as local, regional, international or national.

One of the earliest mentions of the term "NGO" was in 1945, when the United Nations (UN) was created. The UN, which is an inter-governmental organization, made it possible for certain approved specialized international non-state agencies - or non-governmental organizations - to be awarded observer status at its assemblies and some of its meetings. Later the term became used more widely. Today, according to the UN, any kind of private organization that is independent from government control can be termed an "NGO", provided it is not-profit, non-criminal and not simply an opposition political party.

Source: wikipedia
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